C60 As A Potential Treatment For Osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis is, sadly, a very common disease. Despite the fact that it typically appears in older people, younger people are not completely immune to this degenerative disease either. No known cure exists yet, but there are plenty of treatments currently available to inhibit its progress or completely stop it in its tracks. Due to first-hand accounts and testimonials, C60 (Carbon60) has recently come to light as a potent contender against the onset and spread of osteoarthritis. Here’s how C60 could work as an osteoarthritis treatment.
WHAT IS OSTEOARTHRITIS?
Osteoarthritis, as defined by Medical News Today, is a form of arthritis “caused by the inflammation, breakdown, and eventual loss of cartilage in the joints.” People often use “arthritis” and “osteoarthritis” interchangeably. While not entirely incorrect, it’s important to note that osteoarthritis is more specific than arthritis—it’s a “type” of arthritis that affects around 10% of men and 13% of women over the age of 60. It affects almost 27 million Americans alone, making it the most common form of arthritis.
Osteoarthritis is considered a degenerative joint disease, often being referred to “degenerative arthritis,” as well. Everyone, not just older people, are susceptible to the slow break down of cartilage between the joints.
WHY DOES INFLAMMATION PLAY A VITAL ROLE?
Cartilage is a firm but soft tissue that is much more flexible than bone and is present in many areas of the body—particularly the knee, elbow, and ankle joints. Thanks to the fact that it’s smooth, low-friction, and wear-resistant, cartilage is perfectly designed to bear and distribute weight. It also protects the joint bones from rubbing against each other when in motion, allowing for overall smooth, painless movement.
Most of the pain felt during osteoarthritis is due to the fact that the joint bones lack the protective fluid that stops them from rubbing against each other when moving. As the disease progresses, the pain may worsen. At some point, the body’s immune system recognizes the damaged cells, and its biological response is to try and remove the cause of the destruction to jumpstart the healing process. This self-defense mechanism often inflames the affected area. Inflammation, therefore, is simply a sign that the body is trying to heal itself.
However, when inflammation persists longer than usual or turns chronic, the repercussions of the condition can far outweigh the benefits. A study published in 2009 indicates that inflammation in the joint can lead free radical formation and eventual oxidative stress. This, in turn, causes further damage, and is primarily why osteoarthritis is so difficult to deal with; the body’s attempts to heal itself only worsen the disease, thus prompting the inflammation to continue and, by extension, further aggravating the condition.
C60 FOR OSTEOARTHRITIS: ANTI-INFLAMMATION AND ANTIOXIDANT
It’s because of the very nature of osteoarthritis that C60 could be such a potent combatant against the disease. First off, C60 is believed to have anti-inflammatory effects. A recent 2013 study suggests that fullerol nanoparticles (Carbon60) may in fact suppress the body’s natural inflammatory responses. The study even goes so far as to recommend the use of C60 as a “novel treatment” of intervertebral disc degeneration.
Another 2013 study conducted in Ukraine documented the effects of fullerene C60 on adjuvant arthritis in common Wistar rats. The results revealed anti-inflammatory and chondroprotective actions upon application of C60.
All in all, these studies suggest that C60 may be used to slow down or even prevent inflammation from setting in during the onset of osteoarthritis, giving the body a chance to heal and recover naturally without further complications.
Secondly, C60 may prevent the further degeneration of articular cartilage and the subsequent formation of free-radicals in the joints. A 2007 study notes that water-soluble C60 fullerene inhibited the catabolic stress-induced production of matrix-degrading enzymes. In terms of arthritis, this means that C60 may have the latent ability to stop the joint fluid or cartilage from breaking down even further during the disease.
A research article from BioMed Research International also looks into C60’s potential as an antioxidant—and a potent one at that. If the study is to be believed, and C60 is truly as powerful an antioxidant as the research suggests, that means it’s more than capable of healing or inhibiting oxidative stress from forming in the joint—again, giving the body time to naturally heal itself.